Nancy Browning.

Kimford J. Meador, M articles .D., Gus A. Baker, Ph.D., Nancy Browning, Ph.D., Jill Clayton-Smith, M.D., Deborah T. Combs-Cantrell, M.D., Morris Cohen, Ed.D., Laura A. Kalayjian, M.D., Andres Kanner, M.D., Joyce D. Liporace, M.D., Web page B. Pennell, M.D., Michael Privitera, M.D., and David W. Loring, Ph.D. For the NEAD Study Group: Cognitive Function at three years of Age after Fetal Exposure to Antiepileptic Drugs Ladies with epilepsy are at increased risk for poor pregnancy outcomes, although the majority of their children are normal.1 In animals, fetal contact with antiepileptic drugs at dosages lower than those that result in structural malformations can make behavioral and cognitive deficits, alter neurochemistry, and reduce human brain weight.2,3 The consequences of in utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs in humans might contribute to poor neurodevelopmental outcomes, 4 but this risk must be balanced against grave risks to both mom and fetus posed by seizures potentially.

They tested a control group of 17 healthy adults. The mind tumor survivors have scored lower on exams of working memory considerably, the study found. Working memory may be the ability to retain and use information for short intervals. The researchers said working memory is an important element of higher-level thinking. Human brain scans showed that different areas of the brain seemed to activate more in mind tumor survivors during a verbal working memory space task in comparison to healthy adults. Elevated activation in those certain areas was associated with worse performance on even more demanding working memory duties, the researchers said. Our goal was to identify the neural mechanisms underlying working memory difficulty in mature survivors of childhood brain tumors, Tricia King, a co-employee professor of psychology and neuroscience at Georgia Condition University, said in a university current information release.